Stratfor, a global intelligence firm headed by George Friedman, has produced an insightful article on the domestic power struggle in Turkey between hardened secularists and Islamists associated with the Gulen movement. Click.
To me, living in central Anatolia, the power struggle is finished. The victory of moderate Muslims over hardened secularists is a fait accompli. They clearly govern Turkey and dominate its culture. (I might feel differently if I lived in Istanbul, Izmir or Ankara, where more secular Turkish citizens cluster.)
Every country has internal power struggles -- look at the US, where Republicans won the elections of 1994, 2004, and 2010, and Democrats won in 2006 and 2008. The 2000 election was effectively a tie. Who knows which way the balance of power will shift next? The close balance of power creates a hyper-partisanship, on cable television at least, but underneath all the blather, I think Americans share certain basic values.
In Turkey, recent Constitutional changes resulting from strong public support in a referendum mean the military has clearly been reined in, no longer able to stage coups. The main question is how much the moderate Islamists in power respect religious, political, journalistic and ethnic diversity. They are doing more than giving lip service to diversity -- re-opening Christian churches, advocating for the rights of women in the workplace and in the public sphere, recognizing the rights of Kurds and other ethnic groups to speak their own language in public. But there are still too many impediments to democracy and free speech. Dozens of journalists face charges for what they have written, and Turkey "now sits among the bottom 40 countries of the world when it comes to freedom of the press."
To his credit, Turkish President Abdullah Gul concedes that his country hasn't gone far enough to protect journalists. "There are unfortunately certain cases that have been brought before the courts about journalists and it is a cause of concern for us as well," Gul said. "There are certain legal amendments that will be introduced on this subject."
To a Westerner, it still feels like democratic change in Turkey isn't happening fast enough.