Cody Franklin of the Alternate History Hub tackles the first Industrial Revolution between 1760 to 1840, which saw the development of water power, steam power, machine tools, rise of the factory system, the textile industry, and the beginning of railroad systems. It was followed closely by the Second Industrial Revolution, from 1870 to 1914, which saw the development of electricity, mass rail, automobiles, airlines and mass media (telegraph, radio, photography, newspapers). These technological revolutions led to a significant change in human lifestyle, when work shifted from subsistance farming to factories and mass production.
While it's interesting to imagine how the world would be different if these industrial revolutions didn't happen -- most of us would still be on farms in probably feudal states -- it's almost impossible to develop plausible scenarios in which these revolutions didn't occur, as they weren't the result of actions by a few individuals or a single spark but new ways of thinking that developed over centuries.
The video doesn't discuss the complex causes of the first industrial revolution. It was sparked indirectly by the Protestant Reformation, started in 1517 by Martin Luther which challenged religious, political and social authority. Next came the Scientific Revolution, which began in 1543 with the publication of Nicolaus Copernicus's De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres). Then there was the English Civil War (1642–1651), followed by the British Agricultural Revolution, which began in the mid-1600s. The Enlightenment, or Age of Reason, between 1685 and 1815, radically reoriented politics, philosophy, science and communications and also provided one foundation for the industrial revolutions.
The Industrial Revolutions led to the end of feudalism -- division of society into nobility, warrior class, clergy, lords, vassals, feifdoms, peasants, serfs and slaves in places where the industrial revolution took hold. And to a counter-revolution known as the exploitation of workers followed by a labor movement, demanding the rights and protection of workers in factories, leading to an eight-hour work day, 40-hour work week, workman's compensation, ban against child labor, among other rights, Marxism or communism in its most radical expression, or democratic socialism in its less threatening expression.
Some historians and sociologists say feudalism continued into the Jim Crow American South until the mid-1960s or 1970s. Not until after the end of segregation, the widespread adoption of the mechanical cotton picker, followed by growth of corporate farms and agribusiness, did farm workers move to cities and suburbs to take blue collar and white collar jobs.
A third industrial revolution is now underway.
And some impoverished parts of the world have not yet been reached by the first industrial revolution or the second industrial revolution. Developing world.